At present, China has basically decided to implement salt, flour, edible oil, soy sauce, and children's supplementary foods as the carrier for the implementation of food nutrition enhancement strategies. Vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, folic acid, niacin, iron, iodine, zinc, calcium, Selenium and other nutrients are the main enhancers added. Some of the fortified foods are promoted in a legislatively enforced way in our country, while others are advocated by the government for consumption.
The main fortified foods in China are:
- Iodized salt China is one of the countries with the most severe Iodine Deficiency
disorders in the world, and the trace element "iodine" is an essential element of life for the body. The body needs iodine mainly from food. Due to the food chain, iodine deficiency in soil and drinking water leads to iodine deficiency in plants (including food or vegetables) and animals. People who eat low-iodine foods can cause inadequate intake of iodine. The most common and effective way to supplement iodine in daily life is to eat iodized salt. This is because the price of iodized salt is relatively cheap. Iodine contained in 5 to 6 grams of salt a day can meet people's daily physiological needs.
â€”â€” Strengthen flour Adding nutrients in flour and other foods is another major measure to improve the publicâ€™s nutritional status after Chinaâ€™s strengthening of iodized salt. Nutrition-enhanced flour is a trace element added to the human body by adding vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, and iron to the flour. After consumption of fortified flour, the intake of trace elements in the population in the pilot areas was fully increased, the status of nutritional anemia improved significantly, and zinc deficiency improved.
- Strengthen the nutrients in rice in the process of rice losses, the more processed white rice, the more loss of its nutrients, the general loss of more than 50%. In addition to the loss during the cooking process, the contents of various trace elements such as thiamine, riboflavin, and zinc are minimal.
At present, the â€œnutritional particlesâ€ using the pseudo-grain method in the world are prepared by mixing starch-based materials, especially rice powder, with nutrients in a uniform manner. After plundering, it is made into nutritional rice grains. Nutrition rice and finished rice grains are mixed and produced in a certain proportion to become nutritionally enhanced rice. Nutrition-enhanced rice is distinguished from nutritious medicines and health foods. It balances the diet through the staple food of people in three meals a day to achieve the purpose of promoting people's health. This is the most ideal way to enhance nutrition in the world.
- Iron fortified soy sauce For the current situation of about 300 million people in China with iron deficiency anemia and iron malnutrition, the state began to promote "sugar supplement iron." After the departments concerned conducted a large-scale experiment in the Guizhou area, they found that the proportion of children with iron deficiency anaemia in the local area had decreased from the previous 42% to 7%.
- Strengthening edible vegetable oil as one of the carriers for food fortification, it is very suitable for the fortification of vitamin A and other fat-soluble vitamins. Vitamin A enhanced oil is protected from light. Because light is an important factor that leads to enhanced vitamin A loss in oils.
â€”â€”Strengthening supplementary foods Take milk powder as an example. Ordinary milk powder is generally a powdered dairy product made from fresh milk through a drying process. Formula milk powder is based on the nutritional needs of different groups of people, by adjusting the proportion of ordinary milk powder and strengthening the required calcium, iron, zinc, selenium and other minerals, vitamins A, D, E, C, B, and Taurine Acid, fructose, and other nutritional enhancers and functional factors.
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